Classical Hatha Yoga Poses

While the practice of yoga has its roots in ancient Vedic culture, the style of yoga practiced widely here in the west, hatha yoga, is fairly new.   Most traditions of hatha yoga trace back to three primary texts—  The Hatha Yoga Pradipika,  The Gheranda Samhita and The Shiva Samhita.

Collectively these books detail only about 30 classical yoga poses.  Most modern styles of hatha yoga include many more postures, however.    Light on Yoga by B.K.S. Iyengar, for example, details many, many more postures.    In the chart below,  I have listed all of the classical yoga poses and the location in the various books in which they are described—including Light on Yoga .  The second tab on this spread sheet lists all of the poses covered in Light on Yoga.

Sanskrit Alternate Sanskrit Name English Pradipika Gheranda Samhita Shiva Samhita Light on Yoga
Bhadrasana Gorakshasana Gracious 1:54 2:9-10
Bhujangasana   Cobra 2:42-43 73
Dhanurasana   Bow 1:25 2:18 63
Garudasana   Eagel 2:37 56
Gomukhasana   Cow Face 1:20 2:16 81
Gorakshasana Bhadrasana Cowherd 2:24-25 117
Guptasana vajrasana, muktasana, siddhasana Secret 1:37 2:20
Kukkutasana   Rooster, cock 1:23 2:31 115
Kurmasana   Tortoise 1:22 2:32 365
Makarasana   Crocodile (dolphin) 2:40 62
Mandukasana   Frog 2:34
Matsyasana   Fish 2:21 113
Matsyendrasanda   Twist 1:26-27 2:23 312, 331, 333
Mayurasana   Peacock 1:30-31 2:29-30 354
Muktasana vajrasana, vajrasana, siddhasana Liberation 2:11  
Padmasana   Full Lotus 1:44-49 2:08 3:103-107 105
Paschimatasana   Forward Bend 1:28-29 2:26 162
Sankatasana   Dangerous 2:28
Shalabhasana   Locust 2:39 60
Shavasana   Corpse 1:32-33 2:19 592
Siddhasana vajrasana, muktasana, gupsasana Perfection 1:34-43 2:07 3:97-102 84
Simhasana   Lion 1:50-53 2:14-15 3:108-112 109, 111
Svastikasana   Fortunate 1:19 2:13 3:113-115
Ushtrasana   Camel 2:41 41
Utkatasana   Fierce (chair) 2:27 42
Uttanakurmasana   Extended Torttoise 1:24 2:33 364
Uttanamandukasana   Extended Frog 2:35
Vajrasana guptasana, muktasana, siddhasana Thunderbolt 1:37 2:12
Virasana   Hero 1:21 2:17 89
Virshasana   Bull 2:38
Vrikshasana   Tree 2:36 2
Yogaasana   Pose of Yoga 2:44-45